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❶It provides the framework for the federal national government and establishes a system of federalism , by which responsibilities are divided between the national government and the states' governments.

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Not all of the members favored independence from England, but the majority decided that something needed to be done about them. Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson were two huge contributions to the cause. Thomas Jefferson was the man who wrote the Declaration of Independence. After the Revolutionary war, the Colonies started to turn into states. Each state was creating their own constitutions.

The first state to complete their constitution was New Hampshire. Constitutions had a bicameral Two house Legislature, a Governor to enforce laws, and Judges to interpret the laws. The first national government was the Articles of the Confederation. The Articles was a weak government were all of the power was in the states.

The group formed because farmers were starting to lose their land because they could not pay off their debt. The rebellion failed at destroying the government but it showed people that their government was too weak and that they needed change.

In response to all of the unrest about a change in government, the people held the Constitutional Convention.

The constitutional convention was only created to revise the Articles, but instead we came up with a different government. Two plans were talked about during the convention, the Virginia Plan, which favored large states, and the New Jersey plan, which favored smaller states. Everyone finally got into an agreement except for the Southern States. After everyone was in agreement, the members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution and added in the Bill of Rights, which are now the first 10 out of 27 amendments.

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Nor was it able to control citizen uprisings, such as Shays' Rebellion , which occurred from to Farmers in western Massachusetts staged violent protests against their state government. As a result of this and other similar revolts, many people began to feel that a stronger national government might be necessary after all.

In leaders in Virginia passed a resolution calling for delegates from the 13 states to meet in Annapolis, Maryland, to discuss the nation's problems. Their goal was to amend change the Articles to make the national government more effective. But only twelve representatives from five states attended this Annapolis Convention , so they resolved to call another meeting the following year.

On May 14, , delegates from twelve of the states all except Rhode Island began to gather in Philadelphia, and the Constitutional Convention opened in Independence Hall on May 25th.

In attendance were many remarkably talented scholars, philosophers, war leaders, and politicians. Alexander Hamilton, representing New York, was largely responsible for arranging the Constitutional Convention. Benjamin Franklin, representing Pennsylvania, freely offered the incomparable wisdom of his 81 years.

Gouverneur Morris, also from Pennsylvania, headed up the committee that actually wrote the Constitution. George Washington, from Virginia, took the chair as president of the convention.

And James Madison, also from Virginia, earned the nickname "Father of the Constitution" because time and again his brilliant ideas and tireless energy kept the convention moving toward its goal. Almost immediately after the convention opened, a struggle developed between the delegates of the large and small states as to what form the new government should take. The more populous states supported the Virginia Plan , which proposed that representation within the government should be based on the size of a state's population.

The plan was designed to give states with large populations a proportionately large share of decision-making power. Less populous states, however, supported the New Jersey Plan , by which every state, regardless of size, would have the same representation within the government.

The convention came to a standstill until the delegates from Connecticut devised an ingenious way to settle the dispute. The Connecticut Compromise also known as the Great Compromise called for the creation of a bicameral two-house legislature, or Congress. One of the two houses of the new Congress the House of Representatives would be elected according to the states' relative populations.

The other house the Senate would give equal voice to each state no matter what its size. Once this breakthrough had occurred, the delegates agreed more readily on most of the remaining issues.

On September 17, , the Constitution was signed by 39 of the original 55 delegates. Several had left the convention altogether. Three others — Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts and George Mason and Edmund Randolph of Virginia — refused to sign because they lacked confidence in the document's ability to rule the nation. But although no one realized it at the time, the document the delegates signed that day not only gave rise to the government of a new nation, but became a symbol of hope for oppressed peoples all over the world.

The Constitution was signed by most of the delegates who created it. Yet the task still remained for the states' governments to approve it. The Constitution itself specified that 9 of the 13 states would have to ratify the document before it could become effective. Delaware had the honor of being the first state to approve the Constitution on December 7, But the remaining drive for ratification was far from easy.

In three of the largest states — Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia — the contest was close. And the founders knew that the new government would have no chance of succeeding without the support of these large states. So they mounted a campaign in defense of the Constitution by publishing a series of essays in New York newspapers.

These essays, which came to be known as The Federalist , were written under the name Publius, a pen name adopted by the authors James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.

People who opposed the Constitution, known as anti-federalists , launched a campaign to defeat ratification, believing the Constitution would make the national government too powerful. But mostly they objected that the document did not contain a bill of rights , which would guarantee citizens certain privileges that the government could never take away from them.


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An Essay on the Constitution - After gaining independence, Americans created a unique government. Purposefully diverging from the seams of a monarchial government, Americans created a new one from the ideas of republicanism.

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Free Essay: The Constitution The Constitution of the United States was written as a set of rules for this country. Many of the "rules" have helped.

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The document I chose to write about is the United States Constitution. When the thirteen British colonies in North America declared their independence in , they laid down that “governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” The. U.S Constitution essays In , a few years after America broke away from England, the constitution we use today was made. Before that, starting in , the states operated under a government they called the "Articles of Confederation." This government basically said that each state shou.

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